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10 Futuristic Things You Can Buy Online ▶1 [09 Jan 2016|11:40am]

✔✔10 Futuristic Things You Can Buy Online ▶1

10 CleverPet
9 HELIX Wearable Cuff
8 Vufine
7 Holus
6 Windamp
5 3DSimo Mini
4 Adaptive Saber Parts
3 Deus Ex Aria
2 Gecko Movable Light Switch
1 ZUtA Pocket Printer

10 Futuristic Things You Can Buy Online ▶1

Chop Busters 50,186
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Chaotic Moon Studios - Tech Tats [25 Dec 2015|01:57pm]
[ mood | entrepreneurial ]

#chaoticMoon  fully customizable #Smartatoos with ambient light sensors, leds, conductive e-ink, and use its RFID #NFC to pay with bitcoin without your wallet!

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Robot + Dog + Pop-Tart = ? [21 Nov 2015|03:11pm]

wow i love how this thing gets up on his own, nao really is taking the first step towards consumer AI humanoid robots wow just imagine how popular and inexpensive this will be in 5 years after a few generations, like imagine the female version this design team/company could come out with next year (aesthetic changs but also built in 3d printer (making more like giving birth maybe to new robots like humanoid mammalian reproduction in real life!) maybe a spool of 3d print resin in her belly ...and most importantly make the FINGER be her 3d printer head! (im thinkin on the fly here people is this good?) she stands over any surface, and with a spool in her belly feeds to the female Nao's finger tip(s) as a 3d printer head! This will add a physical manifestation of what it means for female creativity in robots...hah im sure this (male) original Adamic Nao will end up faster, stronger in physical sense as no power needs to be diverted to the factory that can make more of you, i think males forget that males might be ALLOWED to "win" externally so much because no extra energy has to be symphoned to the biological womb and all the extra blood and chi and nutrients all has to go into creating new human like in female humans, or all that extra electricity from her battery to run the 3d printer in her hand in the "female" hypothetical next version of this AMAZING first consumer humanoid robot...why couldnt this 3d print? with all that robot arm dexterity and precision it looks doable with the right clever adapters! but i just think if she could also walk around, and spontaniously print out 3d print fractal art sculptures, picked them up and brought it to you as a gift "i made this for you!" and its a 3d scan she took and scanned and printed of your face!...wouldnt that just be illegally cute? wouldnt that make you cry? imagine how attached children will get to these.....crying when a car hits one thats like a 5 year olds best friend, the plastic shatters and the kid freaks out only to have his dad teach him the miracle of software ressurection, showing his son how to fix him with backup parts and backup of what youll just end up telling the kid, is the robot's soul, and how as soon as that video of the catastrophic failure it immitadtly reviews its new robot body immediatly initializing new protocals of going over incident with the attached human(s) like psychiatrist for the kid?
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Powered Jacket MK3 ( Exoskeleton ) [21 Nov 2015|10:47am]

A new creation from Japan planet.
Sagawa Electronics Invents a new robot that you can wear or we can call it an (Exoskeleton) the kind you see on movies.
Well now the fiction is true more than ever.
you can actually buy one for the price 123000$

If you can read and understand Japanese read more here...
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ISIS vs Christ (RT Documentary) [20 Nov 2015|11:21am]

"The Third World War must be fomented by taking advantage of the differences caused by the "agentur" of the "Illuminati" between the political Zionists and the leaders of Islamic World. The war must be conducted in such a way that Islam (the Moslem Arabic World) and political Zionism (the State of Israel) mutually destroy each other. Meanwhile the other nations, once more divided on this issue will be constrained to fight to the point of complete physical, moral, spiritual and economical exhaustion…We shall unleash the Nihilists and the atheists, and we shall provoke a formidable social cataclysm which in all its horror will show clearly to the nations the effect of absolute atheism, origin of savagery and of the most bloody turmoil. Then everywhere, the citizens, obliged to defend themselves against the world minority of revolutionaries, will exterminate those destroyers of civilization, and the multitude, disillusioned with Christianity, whose deistic spirits will from that moment be without compass or direction, anxious for an ideal, but without knowing where to render its adoration, will receive the true light through the universal manifestation of the pure doctrine of Lucifer, brought finally out in the public view. This manifestation will result from the general reactionary movement which will follow the destruction of Christianity and atheism, both conquered and exterminated at the same time." High Mason/Confederate General/Etc Albert Pike's 1871 Letter to Mazzini
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Anonymous Message ISIS PARIS FRANCE [19 Nov 2015|09:25pm]
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Babylon Bible Prophecy ISIS Secrets Revealed [14 Nov 2015|09:32am]
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First look at Fallout 4's Pip-Boy wearable [14 Nov 2015|08:58am]
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"TIMELESS" 12/22/2012 A Classy hair fundraiser for Ronald McDonald House Charities of San Diego, At [20 Dec 2012|02:05pm]
( ) - "TIMELESS" 12/22/2012 A Classy hair show to raise money for Ronald McDonald House Charities San Diego. Hosted bar by 619 Vodka. Hair and makeup done by GROOM the SALON. Brought to you by Till Dawn Entertainment. At the W Hotel 421 West B Street, San Diego, CA 92101
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[12 Feb 2008|03:28pm]

Zachary Williams

2-9-08 Film136A

Midterm Option B Q1.

Puzzling and Preconceived Postmodern Progress in the Theory and Art of the S.I. and Fluxus

Through the use of various media platforms and revolutionary aesthetic concepts the Situationists and the Fluxus movement attempted an escape from or out of modernism through the integration of art back into the praxis of life and through the recontextualization of the content and the medium. By acting as the avant-garde these movements in a way self negated their intentions at escaping modernity by not being able to progress in order to escape the modernity that embodied that progression. In its intrinsic qualities video represented an attempt at keeping the progress of modernity alive in terms of film's progression, but through the work of Fluxus artists the aesthetics and context of video was used as stimulus for the appearance of aesthetic post-modernism. By utilizing all of these elements, these avant-garde movements succeeded in escaping modernity in ways impossible for their predecessors in Europe due to technological but also social innovations.

The situationists responded to and escaped from the crisis of Modernism in a very unique and trend setting fashion. Their pre-duchampian dérive was based on the shifting of social interactions at the time and built on a spontaneity responding to new urban planning and increasing information technologies. The Situationist International's flash mob prototype testing in the 1950's was able to bring art into the fabric of normal life with mass participation, harmonizing the praxis that the earlier avant-garde felt was necessary. In his article On the Problem of the Autonomy of Art in Bourgeois Society, Peter Burger notes, “The avant-gardists view it's dissociation from the praxis of life as the dominant characteristic of art in bourgeois society. One of the reasons this dissociation was possible is that Aestheticism had made the element that defines art as an institution the essential content of works” (Burger 239). By associating and incorporating their art directly into mainstream social atmospheres, the Situationists were using Marxist ideals involving collective participation along with Lettrist concepts of image dissociation and hypergraphics in order to get around their predecessor's dilemma of integrating art into the praxis of life. The situationists took the gospel of the surrealists and Dadaists and used the manifestation of the their aesthetic as conceptual performance art, dada factum est. By compartmentalizing art performance into a type of product that could in real time be supplied to the masses and on the streets, the situationists discovered their means to circumvent the problem of art distribution and delivered it through the same social circuits exploited by modern capitalism.

Through their film and video the Situationists found ways to deconstruct the spectacles created in their earlier performance pieces. According to the article Dismantling the Spectacle, Thomas Y. Levin notes that through the, “dismantling of the spectacle, the cinema of Guy Debord is thus also the dismantling of the (modernist, avant-garde, political) cinema as well” (Levin 109). Through dismantling the arguments of the European avant-garde of the early 20th century the situationists took on a dialectical perspective and attempted to abolish the separateness of art or the specialization of an image by recontextualizing media to become more of a potential chalkboard for the proletariat. Détournement, the modulation or reconfiguring of a message in order to have its meaning self-destruct and backfire, was used by Duchamp and was a vital part of the Situationist International's impact which still lives on in the form of culture jamming and with organizations like Adbusters. In Society of the Spectacle (Debord, France, 1967) the situationist Guy Debord narrates this film’s straightforward political message, taking up a dialectical position in the film’s self referentiality which deconstructs the film’s visual association matrix by discussing the image specialization as it is happening within the film. In the film Debord states, “The images detached from every aspect of life fuse in a common stream in which the unity of this life can no longer be reestablished. Reality considered partially unfolds, in its own general unity, as a psuedo-world apart, an object of mere contemplation. The specialization of the images of the world finds itself again, fulfilled, in the world of the image made autonomous, where the liar has lied to himself. The spectacle in general, as the concrete inversion of life, is the autonomous movement of the nonliving" (Debord). Society of the Spectacle included many shots and sequences of individual objects in groups such as people, trains or cars all flowing together in a river of motion, reflecting Debord’s notion of detached images which fuse in a common stream of simultaneous unity and separation. By incorporating this dialectical imagery into concepts of visual dissociation in their work, the situationists used not only visual but situationist détournement to bring the discussion of participation back into the medium. They resituating their role as avant-garde in a capitalistic society by bringing art closer to the praxis of modern life.

The Fluxus artists of the later 20th century existed within a hypercube of "intermedia", a term coined by Fluxus artist Dick Higgins to mean the inter-disciplinary art forms practiced between genres which were crucial to the operation of Fluxus art. By finding new limits to push within new mediums such as computers and video, Fluxus art was able to cross boundaries of media recognition. The Fluxus movement valued the same distortion between art object and art statement found in Duchamp's ready-mades however the Fluxus work encompassed more interactivity thanks to technology but also a sense of re-contextualization of the medium especially apparent in the work of Nam June Paik. His work involving the placement of television sets can visually interrupt our preconceived notions of proper television viewing quite blatantly. One very effective installation piece by Nam June Paik's was TV for Buddha featured in the Documenta 6 Satellite broadcast, which includes a bronze statue of Buddha facing a TV displaying a feed from a camera facing Buddha. The irony in this piece reflects the A-political humor which Paik used in his assault on the status quo of mass media, paralleling Burger's concept of the avant-garde's attack on Bourgeois art, “The European avant-garde movements can be defined as an attack on the status of art in bourgeois society” (Burger 9). As Paik was at the splicing point of the avant-garde and the mass media, he also stood at the point of sublation where modernism almost begins to become eaten by post modernism. Through his devotion to the aesthetisization of the medium, Nam June Paik helped bring about this mass recycling and reworking of the past where his earlier 20th century avant-garde predecessors could not, “What is negated is not an earlier form of art (a style) but art as an institution that is unassociated with the life praxis of men. When the avant-gardists demand that art become practical once again, they do not mean that the contents of works of art should be socially significant” (Burger 9). Many Fluxus artists would employ the use of a “happening” or an interactive performance and by blurring the lines of spectator and artist, Fluxus art was able to re-associate itself into the praxis of life and overcome the issues deemed daunting to the earlier European avant-garde which involved much more contradictory methods to attempt an escape from modernity.

Nam June Paik's video art was of the most vibrant and colorful of all Fluxus work and thus represents the aesthetic power of the video medium that Paik chose as his canvas. Through video and analogue computer art, Fluxus gained a new role in changing people's perceptions of both modernity and post modernity through their representation of mass media, a crucial element in Modernity that is in need of constant self-reinvention, “we note that the historical avant-garde movements negate those determinations that are essential in autonomous art: the disjunction of art and the praxis of life, individual production, and individual reception as distinct from the former” (Burger 53). Around the 30s the surrealist and dadaists avant-garde began to give way to elitism and then the Readymade changed everything. Just as the Situationists utilized collective détournement to encourage social participation in the 1950s and 60s, the Fluxus with John Cage, Nam June Paik and Joan Jonas were able to open the forum for social participation. This trialogue between artist, medium and spectator was opened within the intertextuality of the mass media starting from the late 1960s continuing today in the form of popular computer based online social networking, bookmarking and collaboration. Today new artistic content offers itself the freedom to roam within the plurality of intermedia and the Fluxus movement helped carve the initial deltas and passageways where now artistic expression can electronically flow. However the user driven information must still travels within the confines of the new mass intermedia that now includes the commercialized Internet, a force of both artistic democratization and alienation under the guise of capitalism and something Fluxus eventually was deeply involved with.

The use of intermedia by both the Situationist International and Fluxus indicates its importance in shaping the newer media of post-modernity. The internet can top video as the medium defining postmodernism however with video Fluxus was still able to carry the torch from the Situationists and convey the significance of aestheticizing the medium with its own traits while promoting the significance of collective participation in not only art but social discussions. Through utilizing these strategies the Situationists and Fluxus were able to at least successfully open more doors into post-modernism since one could argue that there is no escaping modernity and that post-modernity is simply the stretch of modernity’s limits. Many artistic issues shared by the early 20th century avant-garde remained issues for Fluxus and the S.I. however their artistic innovation and optimistic synergy with technology produced art that in many ways transcends modernism and has no need to escape it.

Work Cited

Bürger, Peter . On the Problem of the Autonomy of Art in Bourgeois Society. New York: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.

Burris, John. Did the Portapak Cause Video Art?. New York: University Press, 1985.

Debord, Guy. Society of the Spectacle (Guy Debord, France, 1967)

Levin, Thomas Y. Dismantling the Spectacle. New York: Boston University Press, 1990

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Profitable BioDiesel from Algae [06 Jun 2007|11:41pm]
Zachary Williams
Nicholas Stanley
Joshua Soloman
6/6/07 Report 4 EE80J
Report4: Biodiesel Production Through Algae Farms
Problem: CO2 Emission and High Cost of Fuels
The average annual CO2 emissions are 5080 kilograms per person in the United States. This means that the city of Santa Cruz gives off 277332440 kilograms of CO2. Much of this green house gas pollution comes from automobile exhaust. Everyone can agree that renewable sources of fuel will help cut back these greenhouse gasses but the technology is very new and the market tends to distrust developments in their infant stages even if they are very promising. Hybrid gasoline/electric cars are making a large impact on the automobile market, as people are more and more willing to adopt them due to very clean safety and performance records over the last few years. Biodiesel fuel however can be used in existing technology with little or no modifications. The question however is how clean is biodiesel and how much will it cost and the answers are very promising. Most agree that using biodiesel cuts emissions in half, however a British study6 claims the use of biodiesel can cut emissions by 94%. Either way emissions are cut by a substantial number, better than electric hybrid engines, and unlike electric hybrids, this source is totally renewable and has the potential to be very cheap and grown by local communities. Currently the TAPS fleet on the UCSC campus runs all of its diesel vehicles on biodiesel however for the 66,000 gallons per year necessary to fuel the fleet it pays $2.916 per gallon of Biodiesel from II Fuels. The campus could benefit financially since it spends $192,456 every year on fuel, and this number could be reduced dramatically after UCSC authorizes the construction of a local on campus renewable energy production facility.
Solution: Algae Farms and Local Distribution
Diesel fuel makes up one-fifth of transportation fuel consumption in the United States. Using a slightly more recent report from 2004 by Michael Briggs at the University of New Hampshire Physics Department, we see that “each year the US consumes roughly 60 billion gallons of petroleum diesel and 120 billion gallons of gasoline.” Assuming that the average gasoline engine is about 35 percent less efficient than its diesel counterpart and that biodiesel's overall fuel efficiency is about 2 percent less than diesel's, Briggs calculates that we need 140.8 billion gallons of biodiesel to satisfy all transportation needs of the US.7 This assumes that all vehicles could be steadily converted to diesel engines. This is not an outrageous assumption. On the contrary, “At the end of 2003 there were about 190 million cars in the European Union, and about 23 percent of them were diesels.” In addition, 40 percent of new car sales in the EU are diesel engine cars.8 The infrastructure to manufacture diesel engines en masse is currently in place and working. Another added bonus is that diesel engines can burn pure biodiesel or a fuel that is a mix of any ratio of biodiesel and petrodiesel.
Theoretical yield of biodiesel from algae is 15,000 gallons per acre-year, much more than soybean (60 gallons per acre-year)9 or palm yield of oil. Current technologies employed by such entrepreneurs such as Dr. Isaac Berzin can yield steady harvests of 5,000 – 15,000 gallons per acre-year.10 For the economic purposes of our project we will primarily seek out 4.4 acres to conduct the algal growth that we will continue to improve till we reach our optimum yield of 15,000 gallons per acre. Bioreactors which may be more expensive are a much more efficient method for growing the algae and require relatively very little space to operate.
These fuel yields from algae farms open an opportunity for UC Santa Cruz: the university could open and operate, as a demonstration project, an algae farm and biodiesel facility with the capability of running its TAPS bus fleet on biodiesel fuel. This could serve as a marketing campaign for algal biodiesel, a way to clean up emissions from TAPS buses, and a revenue stream for the university.
To convert the UC Santa Cruz TAPS buses to run solely on biodiesel fuel, this project would have to accomplish several things. First, the program would have to provide approximately 62,000 gallons of biodiesel per year to satisfy TAPS demand. The TAPS fuel requirement could easily be fulfilled with a farm of 4.4 acres. Second, the TAPS bus service must be completely run off diesel. This is largely the case; in fact, TAPS is planning to buy new buses with diesel engines to replace the few older gasoline buses in the next few years.11 Third, UCSC would have to fund the opening and operation of a comprehensive facility that would include the algae farm and an extraction and processing facility including a bioreactor, algae pools and extraction equipment. As the quantity of biodiesel required is small, the setting up of a facility to extract and process biodiesel will be relatively inexpensive. The only major obstacle is finding the land which will be used to grow and farm the algae and convincing the university to give us either an open field or space on the roofs of buildings which are controlled by departments which might want to be included this project. A great way for a physical science department at this school to gain publicity and potentially help in obtaining federal and state grants for requested research would be involving themselves in a project which can not only pay for itself by sale of biodiesel fuel but will provide the TAPS fleet with free fuel for as long as the operation is yielding the desired amount of biodiesel. Once a bioreactor, algae farms, and extraction facilities are constructed and paid for Biodiesel the use and sale of Biodiesel fuel will pay for the project and with continued expansion or increased efficiency of current system, excess fuel will provide revenue source for continual research, following a trend of renewable energy into renewable finance.
Project and Business Model, Marketing, Sales and Competition
In order for this project to be successful and expandable, UCSC must buy a property close to campus in order to monitor the algae closely and allow upper-division students or graduate students accessibility to the facility in order to operate it. The 4.4 acres necessary to supply the biodiesel for TAPS is off campus is readily available in the area bounded by Western Drive, Highway 1, and Wilder Ranch State Park in Santa Cruz. There is much more than 4.4 of available space in this desolate area, so the operation, if successful, can expand with relative ease. For an on campus location we have mapped out several areas including the roofs of buildings at science hill in the Underlying Technology section. Operating the entire project on campus will be the most convenient and profitable if we can cooperate with UCSC in a student run business partnership to produce the biodiesel for the on campus TAPS fleet, use the algae as an area for student research, and sell excess fuel to Pacific Biofuels. The entire process would only need about 4.4 acres on campus for a bioreactor and algae pools plus an additional space inside a building for the ultrasound and hot press machines where extraction will take place.
The facilities would be built according to the instructions of a supervising body such as the UCSC Physical Plant if our method chosen of multiple bioreactors on the roofs of buildings. This office could supervise the algae bioreactors operation, maintenance, and employment of student workers and researchers to investigate the bettering of the reactor’s efficiency. Once the biodiesel is extracted and processed correctly, this quantity can be transported to already existing storage tanks site for the TAPS buses to refuel and excess fuel will be transported by pacific biodiesel to their much larger storage operation plants.
The installation of a bioreactor, algal pools and extraction facilities would take no longer than 1 year. At the end of the second year of our operation we would find ourselves with an expected yield of 62,000 gallons of biodiesel. At a sale price of $2.15 a gallon to Pacific Biofuels, which is what they have agreed to purchase biodiesel for redistribution, this would generate $133,300 in revenue. The time it will take for installation of the bioreactor and algae ponds will be no less than a month. The construction of an extraction facility will only take as long as it does for the necessary equipment to ship. By the end of first year the projected 62,000 gallons of biodiesel produced will have an initial production cost of $1,021,577 and in the 2nd year production revenue should cover the entire initial operation cost, allowing us to generate annual revenue of $592,595. After the second year operation costs will reduce by $1,296,768 allowing for profit and we hope to also increase output by using a more efficient strain of algae and take advantage of our bioreactors which can yield more than 362kg of algae a day and potentially deliver up to 96,000 gallons of biodiesel a year. Since every gallon of algal oil will require 1 times the amount of methanol and .007 times the amount of lye, it will cost an additional 70 cents for every additional gallon of Biodiesel produced. Regardless for the retail price of around $2.90 for local distributors, the extra expenses will be worth it and allow the project to take in profits of $1.47 a gallon if sold to Pacific Biofuels which purchases B100 biodiesel for up to $2.15 a gallon and also must use 2 cents a gallon to transport it from Richmond, Washington. Funding should take no more than one year to acquire and if we produce the maximum amount of Biodiesel that one of our bioreactor can yield, 907.2kg per day we will produce 43,737 gallons per year, and receive revenue of $94,034 just from fuel. From the cakes of dry algae that are in high demand in agribusiness, which sell from an average of $3.50 per kilogram to a variety of local farmers and food producers, we will generate $579,474 in revenue. The additional 7 cents per gallon taken into account during extraction means an extra cost of $30616 per year. After 2 and a half years we will reach revenue of $1,481,487 (with maintenance costs), meeting the initial cost of $1,347,377. Every year after this we will generate revenue of $592,595 per year, which can be reinvested into expansion of our current production operation.
We will request the initial funds either from a bank business loan or from venture capital firms such as Entrepreneurial Funding ( We have group members who’s immediate family has large scale business connections with very high profile venture capitalists in Energy related fields.
Underlying Technology
There are various forms of algae on the market today but our focus is primarily on microalgae which produces more of the natural oils needed to make biodiesel. Microalgae encompasses fast growing ocean and freshwater plants that can reach up to 60 meters in height. Microalgae is ideal for the production of biodiesel primarily because it can grow in an open area whereas other types of algae need to grow in a closed environment due to contaminants in the air and wind. Growing algae in an open area is beneficial to this project because of its relatively low cost in comparison to the closed pond growth systems.
Another positive aspect of using microalgae to produce biodiesel can be seen in the future prospects the species. Engineering breakthroughs are allowing algae to become ever more efficient in the production of biofuels as well as in the absorption of carbon dioxide emissions. In the past five years an extensive number of algal species have had their genomes entirely mapped out. This new understanding of the relationship between function and form at the molecular level of the algae may give rise to a bioengineered form of algae whose lipid production is far greater than any strain known of today. Why is this exciting for our future prospectus? Well if the algae farms needed to produce the 62,000 gallons of biodiesel are built today, we can expect the amount of land required to grow the algae to decrease as ever more efficient strains are created, thus reducing the cost of producing the algae.
Growing algae as a way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions is yet another promising facet of this project. The open pond systems utilized in this project are precisely the types used in Microalgae biofixation of CO2 and greenhouse gas reduction. Biofixation occurs through the anaerobic digestion of concentrated microalgae which can then be used to generate electricity, another benefit to the UCSC Physical Plant if they chose to utilize it. Algae can also be used to purify wastewater by absorbing nutrients that are otherwise contaminants. The possibility for outlying power plants to buy Santa Cruz algae for the purification of municipal water is well within reach as another source of income for this project.
Skepticism always underlies any proposal where risk is involved and it is important to weigh the positive impacts against the negative impacts when considering funding for a project of such magnitude. First off the idea of powering the TAPS bus system with biodiesel in our relatively small city of Santa Cruz may seem like only a spec of a positive environmental impact when compared to the pollution residing in the rest of the world. So why Santa Cruz then, obviously reducing the greenhouse emissions of our public transport will not help the environmental crisis in the rest of the world. Then again, it might. If this project is successful it could be used as a model for other cities to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and switch to biofuels. It is difficult to overlook the revenue generated by producing biodiesel in Santa Cruz as well. The algae farms of Santa Cruz could eventually supply outlying cities with biodiesel after they see our own success. With rising energy demands in developing countries, pollution is bound to go up. While we all hope that these developing countries choose green energy sources to progress into the future we must set an example and do our part as an already developed nation to adjust to our changing environment. Santa Cruz is a small city in comparison, but the actions taken here today have the capability of carrying the flag for a promising environmental future for this world.
Supplies needed for Algal Growth
A variety of systems have been investigated and constructed for the greater purpose of cultivating and processing a harvestable algal crop. The two most prominent of the methods used for the growth process involve techniques similar to Dr. Berzim’s, I.E. the construction of a series of transparent holding/growth tubes and alternatively, vast shallow “ponds” of either natural or manmade origin. Neither of these techniques are financially debilitating to such a project as the one which our group proposes, and the infrastructure to produce and distribute such systems is already in existence.
A company based out of the Netherlands by the name of BioKing specializes in producing a marketable high yield, “complete[ly] automated turnkey photo-bioreactor with production capacity of 1 ton dry biomass per day...” at a buy-in cost of €480,000, or at current exchange rates, 648,384 USD. According to their brochure, this stand alone unit for algal production includes not only the tubes in which the growth actually occurs, but a wet-scrubber for atmospheric CO2 extraction, pumps, centrifugation, and even selected fatty algae cultures. It is worth noting that a certain amount of energy would be required to power this system, (somewhere on the order of one half to one Kwh per tube,) but if an external diesel generator is used, the cost is negligable. As these systems produce an estimated one ton of biomass per day (after drying), with a optimal yeild, the amount of raw material necessary to power the TAPS fleet after extraction can be surpassed significantly.
The energy requirements of the TAPS fleet is around 170 gallons per day, and with a ton of mass produced daily, half of which can be turned into biofuel, (assuming a 50 percent yeild,) one could expect to produce approximately 132 gallons daily per BioKing reactor. Thusly, to account for total fuel consumption of TAPS, two of such BioKing reactors would need to be purchased, as their next larger model is a factor of 25 times more productive, larger, and is cost prohibitive. With both biophotoreactors acting at a maximum efficiency, the theoretical biofuel yield is 155 percent that of TAPS’ daily fuel requirements.

Day one after installation Day four after installation and in full production
The algae strains used by BioKing are reportedly extremely resilliant, and are reported to grow “ arctic latitudes with water at -2º C.” This is equivalent to approximately 28 degrees Fahrenheit, and Santa Cruz very rarely drops to such low temperatures. Another benefit of these stand alone systems is that their footprint is reduced significantly as compared to alternative methods; a system as described above can be installed in a 10 m by 10 m base module. (Approximately 32.81 x 32.81 feet.) Two of these reactors are necessary, as explained, but this is still a spatially economic plan.
The production of significant quantities of biofuels alone is not the only benefit of farming algae. Although usable oils can account for 50 percent of the weight of a particular strain of algae, the remaining mass is not merely waste material. The dry mass of algal strains is rich in protein, carbohydrates, and the remainder can be sold as “press cake” for a variety of uses. According to the BioKing brochure13, algal press cakes can be sold somewhere between 1 and 3 Euros, or between 1.5 and 4 dollars per kilogram. These can account for an additional income, and can vastly reduce the turnaround period for investment costs.
Algae are biological specimens that have high lipid contents (some are up to 50% lipids by weight). This translates into high hydrocarbon content, which is the same is saying high oil content. In order to extract oil from algae, one must run an extraction process. Different processes exist: some involve hexane, some involve pressing, some involve both, and all yield different amounts of oil from a given feedstock of algae. Hexane is a dangerous and toxic chemical derived from petroleum, so we shall abstain from using it even though the hexane-extraction process extracts close to 95% of oil in an algae sample. Hot pressing is non-toxic and is exactly what it sounds like: the algae is pressed for its oil. With this process, 90-95% of available oil is extracted.12 During the early stages of extraction however around 50% of the algae is oil by weight and so only half of what is grown and harvested is yielded in oil form after hot pressing process. We will attempt to later find, breed and genetically engineer strains that can produce up to 80% oil by weight.
Once the algal oil is pressed out, it is stored in a tank. Then, to purify the biodiesel, a separate tank is set up with misters inside and pipes leading in from the water system; the misters and the pipes will circulate water into the biodiesel, thereby carrying away any unwanted trace materials. This water is drained off and is non-toxic; it contains glycerin and other trace elements.14 We are left with purified biodiesel fuel that is ready to use and integrate into any diesel pumping system, anywhere. This is the essential process.
There are a few tweaks one can apply to this basic process to increase productivity substantially. For example, the traditional batch reactor method of mixing, that is, mixing the oil and the sodium hydroxide mechanically with added heat can take anywhere from 1-5 hours per batch. Using a Hielscher ultrasound machine emitting sound waves at a frequency of 20kHz directly into the mixing chamber, ultrasonic transesterification and the resulting cavitation is a process that can reduce the mixing process time to less than 5 minutes. Mechanical separation also takes a long time, ranging from 5-10 hours per batch. The same ultrasound method reduces the separation time to less than 30 minutes. In addition, ultrasonic transesterification yields almost 100% biodiesel from the available oil.15 TAPS needs 61,013 gal per year; with a comfort margin, let's say that this project has to produce 62,000 gal per year. That works out to be 0.468 liters per minute. Hielscher has an affordable 1kW ultrasonic transesterification machine for sale, which can perform the task aforementioned continuously or noncontinuously with little maintenance needed, which can handle a flow rate of 20 liters per minute.16 This flow rate is more than 40 times what TAPS buses need.
Using a European patent17 which maps out realistic ratios of the handful of chemical agents needed to produce biodiesel from algae, we have mapped out a plan for the extraction of the algae oil after harvest into usable biodiesel. Our method is optimized with a growing method of using a hybrid of bioreactors to grow the algae initially fitted with automatic circulation systems coupled with anti-weed agents and secondly inoculating large open ponds to grow the algae on a larger scale, occasionally refilling them with sea water taken from Long Marine Lab. 4.4 acres of land would be sufficient to produce 132,150kg of raw algae and 66,000 gallons of algal oil from such a grow operation after conversion but of course we would ask for an acre more to cover any uncertainty we might face. We have found several places on campus that seem to be optimal spaces for setting up the large ponds necessary for this procedure while bioreactors can be placed near by in a small building along with the extraction facility.

This is a map of science hill and we have charted out the 6.05 acres of the rooftops from a handful of buildings that can be utilized for growing algae in large pools where they will be out of the way of pedestrians and can use the rising carbon emissions from passing traffic to supply their co2. However with a bioreactor system it may be unnecessary to use the 4.4 acres of land requested and in fact we may only need a total of 10 by 10 feet to operate 1 bioreactor from Bioking. This method should be most efficient and will most likely be the route this project would choose if someone were to financially bring it into operation. The spaces mapped out the roofs of the buildings on Science Hill would still be good choices for placement of the relatively small Bioreactors.
Supplies and Equipment Needed for Extraction
The actual extraction process will involve two devices which themselves will be sufficient in extracting and converting enough biodiesel from raw harvested algae that will be needed to match the quota of 66,000 gallons of biodiesel a year. An $8,000 3048kg per day CLB-300 Seed Oil Extruder will be used as the hot press to extract the oil from raw harvested algae which is able to produce 200-300 gallons per day and 90,000 per year18. The $14,000 UIP1000 Industrial Ultrasonic Processor will be used with the addition of a mixture of lye (sodium hydroxide) and methanol and take this oil and convert it into usable biodiesel at a rate of 100liters per hour or 231,414 gallons per year19 while the cost of its electricity is negligible as it will be powered by the same generator as the bioreactor, running off fuel we produce. The ratios for this mixture are 1.3:1 of methanol to algal oil and .007:1 of sodium hydroxide to algal oil. This means that for the entire 62,000 gallons of algal oil we hope to produce, we must purchase 616kg of sodium hydroxide ($3,623 at 5.88 dollars a kilogram20) and 88,100kg of methanol ($39,600 at 60 cents a gallon21). Upon adding up the costs all supplies and instruments necessary to take raw harvested algae, press it and convert to biodiesel we reach a total of an initial $65,223 per year for this process if the project purchases fresh methanol for every extraction. After the second year only $43,223 must be spent on Sodium hydroxide and methanol since press and ultrasonic processor have already been purchased. The methanol is still a large concern because it may cause the process to become un profitable. This is why we would use the simple condenser in the ultrasonic processor to recover 20% of the methanol used, and less amounts of the yearly supply would be needed. A small percentage of the methanol will be lost with each process of refinement but with processing only 245 gallons of algal oil every day and with approximately 80% of the methanol evaporating or leaving the system over the course of the day, only 42924 gallons ($25754) of methanol may be needed per year after the initial 245 gallons. This will cut yearly processing costs down to $51377 for the first year and $29377 after the second year when only purchasing new sodium hydroxide and methanol. With the addition of $1,296,000 for two bioreactor (which will be able to produce more than 3 times as much algae as needed) the total cost of growing and extracting algae to biodiesel is $1,347377, and only $29377 every year after that for extraction supplies.

UIP1000 Industrial Ultrasonic Processor

The project which has been outlined above is admittedly radical and very ambitious, and without concrete examples being exhibited by other organizations it would seem wise to consider if this plan is indeed feasible. However, given the research and calculations conducted, our group is confident that such a plan is not only feasible, but ultimately economically and environmentally promising. As outlined in previous sections, the turnaround for such a project is somewhere in the order of two to three years, and the environmental benefits are encouraging.
The ultimate impact provided by the employment of such a system, however, could be found in the establishment of a larger movement, which extends beyond our school. The University of California at Santa Cruz could provide the impetus and the precedence by which any number of other collegiate bodies or private groups could adopt this novel technology. In this scenario, UCSC would be remembered as a trendsetter, which would provide incalculable publicity and perhaps ultimately funding to the campus, and the paradigmatic shift facilitated by our example could prove revolutionary.
Call To Action
The United States spends 100 to 150 Billion dollars per year on crude oil and is the number one emitter of greenhouse emissions in the world, the President of the United States himself has even said that this country is addicted to Oil and his presidency’s campaign stems directly from Oil company funds. Shifting our transportation to Biodiesel would not only help clean our air and reduce greenhouse emissions but it would allow us to become energy independent. A biofuel infrastructure would also give Americans millions of much needed new job as we could potentially turn from the worlds largest energy importer to the worlds largest energy explorer. UCSC can be used as a model for just how profitable local energy independence can be and how it benefits not only the producers but the entire community on economic and environmental levels. If convinced to give space for the project the University would be allowing not only algae to begin growing but also an entrepreneurial attitude at a campus which lacks very many ingenuitive or well known projects that actually make money or directly help local ecology.
Group Dynamics:

The three members of our group contributed equal amounts of personal time to this project. We worked together and individually, conducted our own research, data retrieval and calculation, and shared project responsibillity between the three of us as best as possible. Originally our group featured a fourth member, Matthew Auerbach, who contributed a certain amount of work and research, however for reasons unbeknownst to us, he decided to leave our project. He did not give the reasons for his departure, and in writing permitted the remaining members of the group to use any or all of the material which he collected.
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Film 20C essay [29 Nov 2006|08:29pm]
Zachary Williams
11-29-06 Film 20C
Myspace Final Essay
Identity Representation and Sexual Piracy

Through social networking sites such as myspace, the ambiguity of identities or their representations can lead to an easy way for pirating all forms of media whether they are legal or not. The narrative developed through my myspace character’s online fictional interactions with the other group’s characters illustrated the ease at which copyrighted material could be pirated, shared and exchanged through myspace. The synergy of sexual superficiality and piracy creates new realms of cyberspace where the law is difficult to enforce and copyrights loose their meanings.
Identity representation online had its roots mainly for social interaction between human beings at long distances which is to be expected but what soon developed was a surge of online dating websites. Other networking sites that more or less implied finding mates began to spring up even if dating was not the sales pitch to their users. According to Dana Michele Boyd in her article Friendster and Publicly Articulated Social Networking, these websites became popular due to the comfort in getting to know strangers better through knowing your friends online, “Friendster is built on the assumption that friends-of-friends are more likely to be good dates than strangers. The site was built to compete with and other online dating sites, with social networks as an additional feature” (1 Boyd). Friendster ended up failing compared to myspace due to its overbearing administrators and the polices against fake identities that were apparently heavily enforced. The ultimate goal of most human mating interactions is sex itself, even online, and these social networking sites began to simply resemble online auction houses for potential real life intercourse. Although an Ebay for sex would be banned by the proper authorities due to its blatant illegality, many such illegal occurrences that many perceive as unethical, such as media piracy, do in fact operate every day within the busy online world of today. Identities may become untraceable in the metaphysically urbanized Internet of today where hunting for illegal activity may be as difficult as winning a battle in a real life urban warfare setting where the enforcers of the law are the invaders. The character my pod developed started to resemble a real person’s profile I believe due to its lack of detail and the evidence can be seen in the dozen or so friend requests from real people that had to be rejected for the sake of the project. Interactions with real life myspace profiles however would have been an interesting and rhizomorphic side project. The reason these people had the desire to add this random girl, our character, is a mystery and depends upon those people’s personal interests but it may have something to do with their need to accumulate friends online that appear cool or fit a certain trend to impress their real life friends, “This often means that people are indicated as Friends even though the user does not particularly know or trust the person. In some cases, it is necessary to publicly be-Friend someone simply for political reasons. Sometimes, people connect broadly so that they may see a larger percentage of the network” (2 Boyd). The visual appearance of our character might have had something to do with the way in which complete strangers interacted with our character. Since humans are very visual animals and most of what you see on myspace is graphical, attractiveness begins to take hold as a prominent reason for adding friends on these social networking websites.
By simply composting an attractive photograph of a girl from multiple photographs and using it to represent an imaginary person on myspace, the profile received multiple friend requests from mostly males presumably looking for online contacts for their friend rosters and also requests from myspace music profiles desiring cool or fashionable people for a fan base to gain popularity. The composite technique in the piece Beauty Composite by Nancy Burson described in Digital Art by Christine Paul illustrates how a combination of many different faces begins to average out to make an almost guaranteed stable attractive form. This technique, which depends deeply on symmetry, was utilized in the myspace profiles and at least for our fictional character proved successful in developing the elaborate fabula and foundation for the characters and their narratives. Without the visual aspect there would be no motivation for a textual contribution and for the text to have meaning the graphic counterpart must represent socially and ascetically pleasing standards, “The face literally becomes a topographical record of human aesthetics, a document and history of standards of beauty that at the same time suppresses individuality” (29 Paul). Myspace is great examples of just how superficial people truly are and how pictures of imaginary people can motivate people in probably sexual ways resulting in a lack of authentic online identity formation.
As three-dimensional media becomes more and more realistic visually and more interactive, the line between real life and virtual reality becomes blurred and the notions of money, advertising, sex, culture, and society as a whole begin to rapidly change into new forms. People must find new ways to sell this new media through movies or websites and make profit to either live or sustain a business. This is necessary in the postmodern world where there is a constant need for new jobs for the increasing amount of human beings worldwide. Generally speaking the world is a place of poverty where if one desires the abundance of media that should be freely available to them, it must be pirated simply for the sake of high prices that most cannot afford. Piracy itself can become a very profitable enterprise as copyrighted information is freely exchanged everyday in mass amounts and is easily accessible to anyone with an Internet connection. Piracy of copyrighted material is illegal but most would argue it is not unethical, besides the MPAA and RIAA. What can be pirated that is unethical however can be defined as sex and illegal forms of pornography for example. This raises many questions about intellectual property and whether it would even be ethical for one to profit off of the sales of something fundamentally unethical. Would it be better for society to have such unethical media freely accessible, or pirated, so that it can be seen for what it is by as many people as possible and slowly phased out of the realm of information by good Samaritans who choose to ignore it? On online networking sites such as facebook and myspace it is against policy to form an online identity as purely sexual, but it happens regardless. In this sense it is possible to sell oneself online and where there is sale of information there is bound to be piracy. Does this mean that it is possible to pirate the human body? Through social networking sites with online menus and pictures of attractive but sexually oriented women with videos and ways to communicate with them, this form of piracy may slowly become a reality and probably already does function effortlessly through cyberspace. In this sense people may once again become property not only in the real world where sexual slavery is still a problem, but now online. In Lawrance Lessig’s article Piracy, copyrights are explained in terms of owning information, “However, although copyright is a property right of a very special sort, it is a property right. Like all property rights, the copyright gives the owner the right to decide the terms under which content is shared. If the copyright owner doesn’t want to sell, she doesn’t have to” (Lessig). This begs the question of how people can be merely a product of information or if people are simply turning into a very complicated compilation of information themselves. DNA is a good example of copyrighting a human being and genetic modifications such as perfect vision for newborn babies may be a trademarked or patented procedure. Biotech companies are able to copyright and patent genomes of DNA that exists within every cell in our bodies, so in a sense whenever we reproduce we may be committing an act of piracy, copying our own DNA. On another level every time each one of our cells undergoes meiosis this can be interpreted as piracy. Although the copying of a cell in two within a human body and the copying of a bootlegged music video over myspace are completely different subject matters, both contain copyrighted material that by law is illegal to copy and redistribute under most circumstances. The ease at which sharing media through our myspace characters gave a good example of how easy it is not to get caught but perhaps in the future myspace will enforce media copyright the same way they enforce the uploading of obscene photographs. If people’s online identities become more superficial and sexually oriented then open online prostitution may become a reality in the future if these hard to define lines of morality are not drawn in the virtual sand of cyberspace.
If our glocalized online capitalist society can teach us anything it is that sex sells fast online and off. Whether it is pornography, dating websites or even actual sex slave trading, professions such as prostitution are among the oldest in the world and in the information age there are many new and troubling questions to be answered. As myspace and the other social networking sites become increasingly commercialized, the black and gray markets will find their places in the new massive multiplayer online role playing game of life where people may choose to be anonymous and identities or pirates may become untraceable. Sex may become a more easily traded and even pirated commodity and people with multiple online identities will give a new meaning to Schizoid personality disorder.

Work Cited

Boyd, Danah. "Friendster and Publicly Articulated Social Networks." Conference on Human Factors and Computing Systems (CHI 2004). Vienna: ACM, April 24-29, 2004.

Lessig, Lawrance. Free Culture: The Nature and Future of Creativity. New York: Penguin, 2005

Paul, Christine. Digital Art. London: Thames and Hudson LTD, 2003
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final round!/Draft!/TET [08 Jun 2006|05:06pm]
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candycane lane machine! [04 Apr 2006|04:47am]
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aquarium terarium [04 Apr 2006|02:56am]
I got to visit the aquarium. Some copper colored cars stoopped us and asked if we touched a sine. We corrected it, they left, but I didn't the luxary of being on cactus at the fish show :-/
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[05 May 2005|10:17pm]
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UCSC [13 Apr 2005|10:47pm]

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DJ ACKZA - KASHMIR = HEROINE [02 Jan 2005|12:45am]

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[03 Dec 2004|12:46am]
poppy germination, poppy germination everywhere, but no bud seeds to sprout :( ............yet
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[28 Nov 2004|07:55am]
ackza779: fuck dxm is alqays lei thsi
ackza779: io wanan ,ay down :(\
ackza779: i want a gilfreiudb :*
ackza779: :(
ackza779: \*
Andy: haha
Andy: a gf who does drugs with you
ackza779: yEAH!
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